Glossary of terms used on NANO MagazineThere are 130 entries in this glossary.
- Functional Nanotechnology
Applications in which nanostructures are used to produce improved optical, electronic or magnetic properties. Includes nanoelectronics based on quantum effects.
Billions of bits per second. A measure of bandwidth on a digital data transmission medium such as optical fibre.
The study of the full complement of genes that make up an organism.
High resolution transmission electron microscopy.
Inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy
An atom or group of atoms in which the number of electrons is different from the number of protons. If the number of electrons is less than the number of protons, the particle is a positive ion, also called a cation. If the number of electrons is greater than the number of protons, the particle is a negative ion, also called an anion.
The name of a nanofabrication technique used to create ultrathin films (monolayers and isolated molecular layers), the end result of which is called a Langmuir-Blodgett film.
Liquid Crystal Display
Light Emitting Diode
- Light Emitting Diode (LED)
A semiconductor device that emits visible light when an electric current passes through it. The light is not particularly bright, but in most LEDs it is monochromatic, occurring at a single wavelength. The output from an LED can range from red (at a wavelength of ~700nm) to blue-violet (~400nm).
- Liquid crystal display (LCD)
Technology used for displays in notebook and other smaller computers. LCDs allow displays to be much thinner than cathode ray tube technology. LCDs consume much less power because they work on the principle of blocking light rather than emitting it.
- Magnetorheological fluids
Magnetorheological fluids are stable suspensions of magnetically polarisable micron sized particles suspended in a low volatility carrier fluid, usually a synthetic hydrocarbon.
- Magnetron sputtering
Magnetron sputtering involves the creation of a plasma by the application of a large DC potential between two parallel plates. A static magnetic field is applied near a sputtering target and confines the plasma to the vicinity of the target. Ions from the high-density plasma sputter material, predominantly in the form of neutral atoms, from the target onto a substrate.
Molecular beam epitaxy.