Glossary of terms used on NANO MagazineThere are 130 entries in this glossary.
Miniaturization engineering or MEMS applied to biotechnology or medicine. In BioMEMS the number of materials involved is much larger than in a comparable electronics application. Both instruments and sensors are used in BioMEMS. Applications include: forensic science (e.g. DNA); clinical diagnostics (e.g. glucose in blood); product development (e.g. new drug); and quality control (e.g. pH of swimming pools).
The concept of taking ideas from nature, operating on the nanoscale, and implementing them in a technology such as engineering, design, computing or other areas.
Building organic and inorganic structures atom-by-atom, or molecule-by-molecule. Cf. top-down.
- Brownian Assembly
Brownian motion in a fluid brings molecules together in various position and orientations. If molecules have suitable complementary surfaces, they can bind, assembling to form a specific structure. Brownian assembly is a less paradoxical name for self-assembly.
- Brownian Motion
Motion of a particle in a fluid owing to thermal agitation.
A sphere of sixty carbon atoms, also called a buckyball. Named after the architect Buckminster Fuller, who is famous for the geodesic dome that buckyballs resemble.
A popular name for Buckminsterfullerene.